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COVID-19, MALTHUSIAN THEORY LEH SUM REN

ToMZ
31 Mar 2020, Tuesday, March 31, 2020 IST
Tunlaia khawvel tiralkhel a, Zoram mipuite pawh ti chi-ai-tu ‘Covid-19’ leh kum 222 zeta upa tawh ‘Malthusian Theory of Population’ chungchang hi i han thlir dawn teh ang, sumpai a nghawng tur tlem nen.

Malthusian theory of population Malthus-a hi mi thiam tak, Cambridge University zirchhuak niin, history leh economics subject-a professor ni ve ve hial a ni. Malthus-a chuan kum 1798 khan ‘An essay on the Principles of Population as it affects the future improvement of society’ tih a tichhuak a; chuta a sawi lianber chu ei tur pun chakna aiin mihring pun chak dan hi a nasa em em a, chuvangin mihring pung chak lutuk tikiam tur hian kawng hnihin thil thleng a lo awm thin a ti. A kawngkhatna (positive check) chu mihring thian tam theihna tur (hripui, indo, khawkheng, tam, lirnghing, adt.) niin, a dang pakhat (preventive check) chu naupiang a tlem theihna tur a ni tiin a sawi. Mathus-a theory chuan ‘eitur pun chhoh dan chu pun dan rate inang zel, entirna'n (etn), 1, 2, 3, 4, 5… (arithmetic progression) a nih laiin mihring punna chu a let thawk thawk, etn, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16… (geometric progression) a ni thung’ a ti. Hetia eitur punna aia mihring punna a san em avang hian ei tur leh a eitu tur mihring chu an inbuktawk ta lo thin a, inbuktawk tur hian mihringte thihna turin hrileng te, khawkheng te, indo te, tam te, lirnghing leh adt. a lo awm ang tiin. 


Tanpuitu rau He a ngaihdan hi mi tam takin pawmpui loin, sawisel mah se tun thlenga mihring pun chhoh dan zirna huanga zir hmasak ber leh a dik lo tia sawi dawt theih si loh a ni reng. Mihring pung ta lutuk tikiam turin tunge hri chu lo lentir ta ang a, tunge tui tilian ang a, tunge lir chu lo sawinghing ta ang? Father of economics tia koh Adam Smitha pawhin sumdawnnaah chuan sumdawngtu chuan a mimal hamthatna tur ngar ngarin hma la se, chu chu khawtlangin a thatpui ber ang a ti a. Miin ‘mimal tinten mahni hmasial tak theuha sum hailuh dan an dap chuan khawtlangin a tuar zawk ang’ tia an han hnial chuan ani chuan, ‘Hmuh theih loh kut (invisible hand)-in a khalhngil ang’ a ti mai. He'ng mipahnihte thurin hian sawisel hlawh viau mah se a dik lo hulhual tihsak chi an ni lo. A chhan chu Adam Smith-a thurin anga kal market economy kan tih sawrkarte chu khawvela a hausa sa an ni a, Malthus-a sawi ang ngeiin mihring tam tikiam turin eng rau emaw ni hi khawvelah a thawk tlat si a ni.

Malthus-a thurin puitu thil thleng Mathus-a sawi ang deuh hian khawvela chhiatna rapthlak tak tak a thleng fo a, mi nuai tel thihna a thleng fo mai. A bikin hrileng chungchang hetiang hian en teh ang. 

(Table en la) A hnuaia table-a hripui thenkhatte hi chuan a nghawng ramte hi kum engemawzat a chiah reng a, chuvangin mi nuai tam tak an thih phah. Tin, a thente hi chu a zat fak zuk hriat phak loh, historian ho chhut dante a ni hlawm. 
Hripui lo chhuahna hmun chu China hi a ni duh hle mai. Khawvel ram changkang lutuk ni si a, hetianga hri lo chhuahna a ni tlat mai thin hian Malthus-a ngaihdan hi a pui tha hle. 

Kum 100 danah Tin, heng bakah hian hun bi nei ang deuha chhiar theihin hetiang hian hri a leng bawk a - Kum 1720 khan mi nuai 1 vel suattu hri hlauhawm tak ‘Great plague of Marseille’ an tih chu a leng a; kum 100 a liam a, kum 1820 a lo inherchhuak a, cholera nasa takin Asia ram a tuam a, mi nuai 1 vel bawr an thi leh. 


Kum 100 bawk a liam a, kum 1920 a lo nihin ‘Spanish flu’ an tih hri chu leng lehin mi vaibelchhe 10 vel zet nunna a la bawk. He Spanish flu hi khawvela hrileng zinga mi nunna suat hnemtu ber a la ni nghe nghe. Ti chuan, kum 100 bawk a lo liam a, kum 2020 a lo nih chuan Covid-19 hian khawvel chu min rum khum dur dur a, khawvel hi a khur chu a nih hi le. Kum 222 daih liam tawh atanga Malthus-a thurin lo vawrhchhuah hi khawvelin a tawng chho mek a tih theih mai awm e. 

I sum ren rawh He Covid-19 avang hian khawvel sum dehchhuah a tlahniam hle dawn tih a chiang a; khawvel sum dehchhuah a tlakhniam chuan India ram a nghawng dawn bawk. India atanga Mizoram pawh sum dawnga nung kan niha vangin kumin leh nakum hi chu Mizoram sawrkar pawh sum lamah a harsa hial dawn niin a lang. 

Mizoram sawrkar atanga sum chhuak a tlem chuan chhungkaw tin min nghawng dawn. Hlawh bak hi sum chhuak tur a tam lo mai thei. Chuvangin, kan sum neih ang angte daihzai taka hmang turin ngaihtuahna siam a fuh ang.

- Prof. JV. Nunchunga
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